The Viking Runes. The eldest runestones, inscribed with Norse runes, date from the century. These were the Elder Futhark runes. However, the most of the runestones were created during the late Viking Age and thus inscribed with theYounger Futhark runes.
Sabine Baring Gould - Icelandic Magical Staves, “Iceland: Its Scenes and Sagas”, Icelandic magical staves (sigils) are symbols called Galdrastafur in Icelandic, and are credited with magical effect preserved in various grimoires dating from the.
The Goddess Hel of Norse Mythology - is the Norse goddess of the dead, ruler of the nine worlds of the Land of Mist, Niflheim or Niflhel, located in the far north-- a cold, damp place that is home to frost giants and dwarves.