The Hopi. The Kachina.
Pre-contact petroglyphs at Largo Canyon, NM. [Depicts a corn plant, mythical figure and various other petroglyphs. Crow Canyon. Navajo people interpret this as a representation of Gháá' ask'idii. His horns tie him to the Mountain Sheep People, an ancient race associated with the night chant, Tl'eejí. Generally a benevolent figure, Gháá' ask'idii carries many kinds of seeds and foods in his feather-crowned backpack.Some recent graffiti vandalism is apparent on closer inspection. JE]
Hopi Sun Kachina - Also known as Tawa. The Sun Kachina is a representation of the spirit of the Sun, though he may on occasion be called the Sun Shield Kachina. He appears in a role very similar to that of Nakiachop or Talavai, standing to the side with a spruce tree in his left hand and a bell in his right.
SOUTHWESTERN: HOPI Cottonwood Kachina Doll, c. 1950. Among the Hopi, kachina dolls are traditionally carved by the uncles and given to uninitiated girls at the Bean Dance (Spring Bean Planting Ceremony) and Home Dance Ceremony in the summer. The function of the dolls is to acquaint children with some of the many kachinas.
For the Hopi, the word kachina refers to three distinct related entities: the invisible spirits who are an essential part of Hopi life; the personification of those spirits by Hopi men wearing masks and costumes in ceremonial dances; and the carved wood figures called tihu (small person or child) that Hopi men give to infants and to women of all ages. This tihu depicts Palhik' Mana (Water Drinking Girl) with an elaborate wood headdress, carved and painted with symbols of clouds and lightning.
Zuni Kjaklo, late 19th century Kachina Doll (Kjaklo) These Native American objects represent just a few of the items made in the late nineteenth and the early twentieth century, primarily for sale to dealers and collectors to satisfy the growing market for indigenous products. Finely coiled baskets like the example by the Maidu weaver Mary Kea’a’ala Azbill were in great demand, as were Zuni Kachina dolls. The desire for Eskimo objects such as the ivory pipe engraved with a whale-hunting scene wa
Kachinas have long been a tradition in the American Southwest and are central to the religion and mythology of the Pueblo Indians, particularly the Hopi who live in Arizona. Kachinas, called a "tihu" by the Hopi, are considered sacred spirits. Each elaborately carved wooden doll is adorned with the costumes and masks that bears a portion of the individual kachina spirit's power.