The name “sawbones” was correctly applied to military surgeons behind battle lines. When injuries required amputations, the doctor literally sawed off the patient’s bone. This Civil War-era photo shows a surgeon about to amputate a soldier’s arm.
Elisha Hunt Rhodes (March 1842 – January was an American soldier who served in the Union Army of the Potomac for the entire duration of the American Civil War, rising from corporal to colonel of his regiment by war's end.
William T. "Bloody Bill" Anderson – October was one of the deadliest and most brutal pro-Confederate guerrilla leaders in the American Civil War. Anderson led a band that targeted Union loyalists and Federal soldiers in Missouri and Kansas.