Reading fluently is when the reader does not need to concentrate on figuring out each word, rather the reader can read smoothly and with expression. Only once a reader is fluent, the reader is able to comprehend the text.
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CTW further details the importance of fluency. Fluency is essential to reading comprehension, as with most of the reader's focus on decoding, there is little attention left for comprehension. Also, in order to enjoy and have a motivation for literacy, readers must find pleasure in reading, which comes once fluency is developed.
Reading A-Z explains two formal assessments to measure fluency and comprehension. First is the one minute times reading passage to measure the number of words accurately read. Next is the assessment where students answer true/false statements to display comprehension.
Reading Rockets explains the formal assessment of National Assessment of Educational Progress Fluency Scale. This measures the quality of a student's reading aloud.
Reading Rocket explains the importance of reading fluency. Reading Rocket states that when sutdents' read too slow, the reader cannot extract much meaning.
Pick a Part is an activity to promote reading fluency and expression. Students pick a certain part of the story to become experts at as they reread the lines. Through this, students are able to read with expression and hear what exciting reading sounds like!
Readers Theatre engages the students in taking on different voices, and increasing fluency with their reading. Through putting on a show, the students learn that their voices must be dramatic, engaging, and smooth for the audience.
In the Daily 5, Read to Someone promotes fluency and comprehension skills. Reading aloud builds rhythm and flow in reading. The partner can offer the reader tips on how to increase their fluency. As well, the pair can engage in comprehension conversations.
Within the Daily 5, Read to Self is an important component to build the readers fluency. With more practice, more fluent reading occurs.
The classroom is can be a loud environment, yet the fluency phone is an effective way to have the students hear their voice while reading. Then, the students are able to improve their fluency based on what they hear.