Helen McNicoll: Life & Work by Samantha Burton

Collection by Art Canada Institute

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Deaf from the age of two, the artist travelled extensively across Europe and was well-regarded at home and abroad for her bright and sunny representations of rural landscapes, charming child subjects, and modern female figures. Helen McNicoll: Life & Work explores the impressive career of an artist who, until recently, has been relatively little known to the public.

Art Canada Institute
Biography
Key Works
Significance & Critical Issues
Style & Technique
Sources & Resources

Biography

Robert Harris, Helen McNicoll, 1910, oil on canvas, 77.3 x 61.5 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Robert Harris, Helen McNicoll, 1910, oil on canvas, 77.3 x 61.5 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Photograph of Helen McNicoll adjusting model’s hair, n.d., photographer likely Dorothea Sharp, Helen McNicoll artist file, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. Difficult conditions could not deter McNicoll from her work; the back of this photograph reads: “It’s so hot that I've put a handkerchief round my neck. It’s about 90 in the shade.” #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Photograph of Helen McNicoll adjusting model’s hair, n.d., photographer likely Dorothea Sharp, Helen McNicoll artist file, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. Difficult conditions could not deter McNicoll from her work; the back of this photograph reads: “It’s so hot that I've put a handkerchief round my neck. It’s about 90 in the shade.” #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Farmyard, c. 1908, oil on canvas, 71 x 85.5 cm, New Brunswick Museum, Saint John. McNicoll donated this painting to the Canadian Patriotic Fund to raise funds for the war effort; it was purchased by the Saint John Art Club in 1915. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Farmyard, c. 1908, oil on canvas, 71 x 85.5 cm, New Brunswick Museum, Saint John. McNicoll donated this painting to the Canadian Patriotic Fund to raise funds for the war effort; it was purchased by the Saint John Art Club in 1915. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, White Sunshade #2, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 99.5 x 81.9 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, White Sunshade #2, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 99.5 x 81.9 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Moonlight, c. 1905, oil on canvas, 71.1 x 83.8 cm, Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Moonlight, c. 1905, oil on canvas, 71.1 x 83.8 cm, Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Landscape with Cows, c. 1907, oil on canvas, 90.5 x 71.1 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. This painting shows a number of the hallmarks of Impressionist style, including the characteristic divided brushstrokes. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Landscape with Cows, c. 1907, oil on canvas, 90.5 x 71.1 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. This painting shows a number of the hallmarks of Impressionist style, including the characteristic divided brushstrokes. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Footbridge in Venice, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 47 x 41.9 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Footbridge in Venice, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 47 x 41.9 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Market Cart in Brittany, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 61 x 51.3 cm, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Market Cart in Brittany, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 61 x 51.3 cm, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Dorothea Sharp, Cornfield in Summertime, n.d., oil on canvas, 76 x 91.5 cm, private collection. This is one of many instances in which McNicoll and Sharp tackled the same subject. In some cases, the works are so similar that they have been misattributed by critics to one or the other artist. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Dorothea Sharp, Cornfield in Summertime, n.d., oil on canvas, 76 x 91.5 cm, private collection. This is one of many instances in which McNicoll and Sharp tackled the same subject. In some cases, the works are so similar that they have been misattributed by critics to one or the other artist. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Girl with Parasol, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 40.6 x 45.7 cm, private collection, Vancouver. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Girl with Parasol, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 40.6 x 45.7 cm, private collection, Vancouver. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Brown Hat, c. 1906, oil on canvas, 53.5 x 43.5 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. This portrait is unusual for McNicoll in its dark palette and the direct gaze of its sitter. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Brown Hat, c. 1906, oil on canvas, 53.5 x 43.5 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. This portrait is unusual for McNicoll in its dark palette and the direct gaze of its sitter. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Photograph of students at the Slade School, June 23, 1905, photographer unknown, Slade Archive Project, Slade School of Fine Art, University College London. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Photograph of students at the Slade School, June 23, 1905, photographer unknown, Slade Archive Project, Slade School of Fine Art, University College London. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

William Brymner, A Wreath of Flowers, 1884, oil on canvas, 122.5 x 142.7 cm, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

William Brymner, A Wreath of Flowers, 1884, oil on canvas, 122.5 x 142.7 cm, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Buttercups, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 40.7 x 46.1 cm, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Buttercups, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 40.7 x 46.1 cm, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Photograph of the Art Association of Montreal sculpture room showing plaster copies of antique statues such as the Venus de Milo, the Apollo Belvedere, and the Laocoön group, which students were asked to draw, published in The Standard, November 18, 1905, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts archives. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Photograph of the Art Association of Montreal sculpture room showing plaster copies of antique statues such as the Venus de Milo, the Apollo Belvedere, and the Laocoön group, which students were asked to draw, published in The Standard, November 18, 1905, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts archives. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, On the Cliffs, 1913, oil on canvas, 50.9 x 61 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, On the Cliffs, 1913, oil on canvas, 50.9 x 61 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Photograph of Helen McNicoll in her studio at St. Ives, c. 1906, photographer unknown, Helen McNicoll artist file, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Photograph of Helen McNicoll in her studio at St. Ives, c. 1906, photographer unknown, Helen McNicoll artist file, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Key Works

Helen McNicoll, The Victorian Dress, 1914. Oil on canvas, 108.8 x 94.5 cm. McCord Museum, Montreal. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Victorian Dress, 1914. Oil on canvas, 108.8 x 94.5 cm. McCord Museum, Montreal. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Under the Shadow of the Tent, 1914. Oil on canvas, 83.5 x 101.2 cm. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts.

Helen McNicoll, Under the Shadow of the Tent, 1914. Oil on canvas, 83.5 x 101.2 cm. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts.

Helen McNicoll, Minding Baby, c. 1911, oil on canvas, 50.8 x 61 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Minding Baby, c. 1911, oil on canvas, 50.8 x 61 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, In the Shadow of the Tree, c. 1914. Oil on canvas, 100.3 x 81.7 cm. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, In the Shadow of the Tree, c. 1914. Oil on canvas, 100.3 x 81.7 cm. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, On the Beach, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 41 x 46 cm, private collection. McNicoll produced at least two versions of this painting, as well as many other beach-themed works. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, On the Beach, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 41 x 46 cm, private collection. McNicoll produced at least two versions of this painting, as well as many other beach-themed works. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Sunny September, 1913. Oil on canvas, 92 x 107.5 cm. Collection Pierre Lassonde. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Sunny September, 1913. Oil on canvas, 92 x 107.5 cm. Collection Pierre Lassonde. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

William Merritt Chase, Studio Interior, c. 1882, oil on canvas, 71.2 x 101.9 cm, Brooklyn Museum, New York. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

William Merritt Chase, Studio Interior, c. 1882, oil on canvas, 71.2 x 101.9 cm, Brooklyn Museum, New York. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Chintz Sofa, c. 1913. Oil on canvas, 81.3 x 99.1 cm. Private collection, Thornhill, Ontario. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Chintz Sofa, c. 1913. Oil on canvas, 81.3 x 99.1 cm. Private collection, Thornhill, Ontario. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Stubble Fields, c. 1912. Oil on canvas, 73.7 x 89.7 cm. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Stubble Fields, c. 1912. Oil on canvas, 73.7 x 89.7 cm. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Photograph of Dorothea Sharp and a child model, date unknown, photograph by Helen McNicoll, Helen McNicoll artist file, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Photograph of Dorothea Sharp and a child model, date unknown, photograph by Helen McNicoll, Helen McNicoll artist file, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Picking Flowers, c. 1912. Oil on canvas, 94 x 78.8 cm. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Picking Flowers, c. 1912. Oil on canvas, 94 x 78.8 cm. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Gleaner, c. 1908, oil on canvas, 76.3 x 63.8 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Gleaner, c. 1908, oil on canvas, 76.3 x 63.8 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Apple Gatherer, c. 1911. Oil on canvas, 106.8 x 92.2 cm. Art Gallery of Hamilton. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Apple Gatherer, c. 1911. Oil on canvas, 106.8 x 92.2 cm. Art Gallery of Hamilton. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Market in Brittany, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 81.3 x 66 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Market in Brittany, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 81.3 x 66 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Marketplace, 1910. Oil on canvas, 63.8 x 77.3 cm. The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, Ontario. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Marketplace, 1910. Oil on canvas, 63.8 x 77.3 cm. The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, Ontario. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Mary Hiester Reid, A Fireside, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 61.2 x 46 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Mary Hiester Reid, A Fireside, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 61.2 x 46 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Interior, c. 1910. Oil on canvas, 55.9 x 45.9 cm. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Interior, c. 1910. Oil on canvas, 55.9 x 45.9 cm. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Gathering Flowers, c. 1911, oil on canvas, 76.2 x 63.5 cm, private collection, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Gathering Flowers, c. 1911, oil on canvas, 76.2 x 63.5 cm, private collection, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Little Worker, c. 1907. Oil on canvas, 61 x 51.3 cm. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Little Worker, c. 1907. Oil on canvas, 61 x 51.3 cm. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Village Street, 1904, oil on canvas, 45.8 x 36 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Village Street, 1904, oil on canvas, 45.8 x 36 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Cottage, Evening, c. 1905 Oil on canvas, 56 x 45.5 cm. The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, Ontario. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Cottage, Evening, c. 1905 Oil on canvas, 56 x 45.5 cm. The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, Ontario. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Sketch of Female Nudes from Dessin [sic] Sketchbook, c. 1902, soft blue-green paper cover sketchbook, six pages, with graphite, charcoal drawings on wove paper, each page: 32 x 24 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. McNicoll’s sketchbooks from the period include many life drawings of male and female subjects in a variety of poses. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Sketch of Female Nudes from Dessin [sic] Sketchbook, c. 1902, soft blue-green paper cover sketchbook, six pages, with graphite, charcoal drawings on wove paper, each page: 32 x 24 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. McNicoll’s sketchbooks from the period include many life drawings of male and female subjects in a variety of poses. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Academy, 1899–1900. Charcoal and pencil on paper, 61.8 x 47.4 cm Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Academy, 1899–1900. Charcoal and pencil on paper, 61.8 x 47.4 cm Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Significance & Critical Issues

Helen McNicoll, The Chintz Sofa #2, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 81.3 x 99 cm, private collection. A number of McNicoll’s works, such as The Chintz Sofa #2, show modern women taking seriously the work of art making. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Chintz Sofa #2, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 81.3 x 99 cm, private collection. A number of McNicoll’s works, such as The Chintz Sofa #2, show modern women taking seriously the work of art making. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Open Door, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 76.2 x 63.5 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Open Door, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 76.2 x 63.5 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Cherry Time, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 81.7 x 66.4 cm, McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Cherry Time, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 81.7 x 66.4 cm, McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Study of a Child, c. 1900, oil on canvas, 61 x 50.8 cm, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Study of a Child, c. 1900, oil on canvas, 61 x 50.8 cm, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Beneath the Trees, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 60 x 49.5 cm, McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Beneath the Trees, c. 1910, oil on canvas, 60 x 49.5 cm, McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Watching the Boat, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 64.1 x 76.8 cm, private collection, Vancouver. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Watching the Boat, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 64.1 x 76.8 cm, private collection, Vancouver. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Blue Sea (On the Beach at St. Malo), c. 1914, oil on canvas, 51.4 x 61 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Blue Sea (On the Beach at St. Malo), c. 1914, oil on canvas, 51.4 x 61 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

First page of McNicoll’s letter from France describing the outbreak of the First World War and the mobilization of French troops. Letter from H. McNicoll to D. McNicoll, August 4, 1914, Helen McNicoll artist file, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa.

First page of McNicoll’s letter from France describing the outbreak of the First World War and the mobilization of French troops. Letter from H. McNicoll to D. McNicoll, August 4, 1914, Helen McNicoll artist file, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa.

Style & Technique

Helen McNicoll, Fishing, c. 1907, oil on canvas, 87.6 x 101 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Fishing, c. 1907, oil on canvas, 87.6 x 101 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Midsummer, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 61.8 x 72.2 cm, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Midsummer, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 61.8 x 72.2 cm, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Avenue, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 97.1 x 79.4 cm, private collection, Vancouver. Although close to four decades separate this work from Claude Monet's Boulevard des Capucines, 1873–74, they share a similar approach to perspective, brushwork, and colour. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Avenue, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 97.1 x 79.4 cm, private collection, Vancouver. Although close to four decades separate this work from Claude Monet's Boulevard des Capucines, 1873–74, they share a similar approach to perspective, brushwork, and colour. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Tea Time, c. 1911, oil on canvas, 63 x 52 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Tea Time, c. 1911, oil on canvas, 63 x 52 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Reaping Time, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 63 x 76.8 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Reaping Time, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 63 x 76.8 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, A Welcome Breeze, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 50.8 x 61 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, A Welcome Breeze, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 50.8 x 61 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

William Brymner, One Summer’s Day, 1884, oil on wood, 26.7 x 37.5 cm, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

William Brymner, One Summer’s Day, 1884, oil on wood, 26.7 x 37.5 cm, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, River Landscape, n.d., oil on canvas, 45.7 x 60.8 cm, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, River Landscape, n.d., oil on canvas, 45.7 x 60.8 cm, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, ”Sketch of Male Nudes” from Large Sketchbook, c. 1902, twenty-three loose folios from bound sketchbook, with graphite and conte on laid paper, each page: 20.3 x 13 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, ”Sketch of Male Nudes” from Large Sketchbook, c. 1902, twenty-three loose folios from bound sketchbook, with graphite and conte on laid paper, each page: 20.3 x 13 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Wm. Brymner, 1901, graphite on paper, 17.5 x 12.4 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Wm. Brymner, 1901, graphite on paper, 17.5 x 12.4 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Sources & Resources

Front cover of Independent Spirit: Early Canadian Women Artists by A.K. Prakash, featuring McNicoll’s In the Tent, 1914. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Front cover of Independent Spirit: Early Canadian Women Artists by A.K. Prakash, featuring McNicoll’s In the Tent, 1914. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

South view of Helen McNicoll: A Canadian Impressionist at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. From left to right: The Chintz Sofa, c. 1913; The Open Door, c. 1913; Interior, c. 1910; and The Victorian Dress, c. 1914. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

South view of Helen McNicoll: A Canadian Impressionist at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. From left to right: The Chintz Sofa, c. 1913; The Open Door, c. 1913; Interior, c. 1910; and The Victorian Dress, c. 1914. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Front cover of Independent Spirit: Early Canadian Women Artists by A.K. Prakash, featuring McNicoll’s In the Tent, 1914. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Front cover of Independent Spirit: Early Canadian Women Artists by A.K. Prakash, featuring McNicoll’s In the Tent, 1914. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

South view of Helen McNicoll: A Canadian Impressionist at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. From left to right: The Chintz Sofa, c. 1913; The Open Door, c. 1913; Interior, c. 1910; and The Victorian Dress, c. 1914. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

South view of Helen McNicoll: A Canadian Impressionist at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. From left to right: The Chintz Sofa, c. 1913; The Open Door, c. 1913; Interior, c. 1910; and The Victorian Dress, c. 1914. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Fishing, c. 1907, oil on canvas, 87.6 x 101 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Fishing, c. 1907, oil on canvas, 87.6 x 101 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Midsummer, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 61.8 x 72.2 cm, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Midsummer, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 61.8 x 72.2 cm, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Avenue, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 97.1 x 79.4 cm, private collection, Vancouver. Although close to four decades separate this work from Claude Monet's Boulevard des Capucines, 1873–74, they share a similar approach to perspective, brushwork, and colour. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Avenue, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 97.1 x 79.4 cm, private collection, Vancouver. Although close to four decades separate this work from Claude Monet's Boulevard des Capucines, 1873–74, they share a similar approach to perspective, brushwork, and colour. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Tea Time, c. 1911, oil on canvas, 63 x 52 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Tea Time, c. 1911, oil on canvas, 63 x 52 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Reaping Time, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 63 x 76.8 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Reaping Time, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 63 x 76.8 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, A Welcome Breeze, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 50.8 x 61 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, A Welcome Breeze, c. 1909, oil on canvas, 50.8 x 61 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

William Brymner, One Summer’s Day, 1884, oil on wood, 26.7 x 37.5 cm, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

William Brymner, One Summer’s Day, 1884, oil on wood, 26.7 x 37.5 cm, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, River Landscape, n.d., oil on canvas, 45.7 x 60.8 cm, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, River Landscape, n.d., oil on canvas, 45.7 x 60.8 cm, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, ”Sketch of Male Nudes” from Large Sketchbook, c. 1902, twenty-three loose folios from bound sketchbook, with graphite and conte on laid paper, each page: 20.3 x 13 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, ”Sketch of Male Nudes” from Large Sketchbook, c. 1902, twenty-three loose folios from bound sketchbook, with graphite and conte on laid paper, each page: 20.3 x 13 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Wm. Brymner, 1901, graphite on paper, 17.5 x 12.4 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Wm. Brymner, 1901, graphite on paper, 17.5 x 12.4 cm, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Chintz Sofa #2, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 81.3 x 99 cm, private collection. A number of McNicoll’s works, such as The Chintz Sofa #2, show modern women taking seriously the work of art making. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Chintz Sofa #2, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 81.3 x 99 cm, private collection. A number of McNicoll’s works, such as The Chintz Sofa #2, show modern women taking seriously the work of art making. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Open Door, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 76.2 x 63.5 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, The Open Door, c. 1913, oil on canvas, 76.2 x 63.5 cm, private collection. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Cherry Time, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 81.7 x 66.4 cm, McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Cherry Time, c. 1912, oil on canvas, 81.7 x 66.4 cm, McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Study of a Child, c. 1900, oil on canvas, 61 x 50.8 cm, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

Helen McNicoll, Study of a Child, c. 1900, oil on canvas, 61 x 50.8 cm, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. #ArtCanInstitute #CanadianArt

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