Diamond Mines

illustrations of mines showing the various mining techniques used to recover rough diamonds.
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Diavik in Canada 3 pits on an island in Lac de Gras

Diavik diamond mine located in the Northwest Territories of Canada - about 300 kilometres north of Yellowknife.

Jwaneng mine, Botswana. Discovered in 1982, it is the richest ($/ct) diamond mine in the world.

Jwaneng mine, Botswana. Discovered in 1982, it is the richest ($/ct) diamond mine in the world.

Orapa mine, Botswana. Discovered in 1972  One of the largest open pit diamond mines.

Discovered in 1972 One of the largest open pit diamond mines.

Letlhakane mine, Botswana.  Second mine opened, in 1975. Deepest pit in Botswana.

Second mine opened, in Deepest pit in Botswana.

Catoca pit, Angola. Angola's largest mine produced 6.5 million carats 2012 from 10 million metric tons of ore, generating revenue of $575 million  Catoca is owned by Angola’s state-owned diamond company Endiama which holds a 32.8 %. Alrosa of Russia also has 32.8 %, a venture between China and state oil producer Sonangol owns 18% and Odebrecht SA of Brazil has 16.4%.

Catoca pit, Angola. Angola's largest mine produced 6.5 million carats 2012 from 10 million metric tons of ore, generating revenue of $575 million Catoca is owned by Angola’s state-owned diamond company Endiama which holds a 32.8 %. Alrosa of Russia also has 32.8 %, a venture between China and state oil producer Sonangol owns 18% and Odebrecht SA of Brazil has 16.4%.

Mirny mine in Russia. Discovered in 1955, a year after the first diamonds were discovered in USSR. Open pit operation closed in 2001. Underground operation operation closed in 2011.

The Mirny Diamond Mine, Russia The Mirny Diamond Mine is an open pit diamond mine. It is located in Mirny, Eastern Siberia, Russia. The Mirny Diamond Mine is 525 meters deep and has a diameter of 1200 meters.

Namibia. Retrieving diamond-bearing materials off the sea-bed

Retrieving diamond-bearing materials off the sea-bed

Damtshaaa mine, Botswana. Four small pipes close to Orapa mine.

Four small pipes close to Orapa mine.

Victor mine in Canada.

Victor mine in Canada.

Rio Tinto’s Argyle mine in Western Australia, taken in the late 1980s, the production plant is seen in the centre and the open-pit mine in the upper left.

Rio Tinto’s Argyle mine in Western Australia, taken in the late the production plant is seen in the centre and the open-pit mine in the upper left.

Underground mining at Argyle mine, Australia. A recent view where 40 km of tunneling have been built to access the diamond-bearing lamproite ore.

Describes the extremely rare polished pink diamonds from Australia’s Argyle mine that have been sold for 30 years through invitation-only tenders.

Liqhobong mine in Losotho. 75% owned by Firestone Diamonds.  325,000cts mined between Sep '11 and Jul '13. ~$110pct indicating a mine value of $3.4billion.

Liqhobong mine in Losotho. 75% owned by Firestone Diamonds. 325,000cts mined between Sep '11 and Jul '13. ~$110pct indicating a mine value of $3.4billion.

Russia. Udachny mine. Open pit mine discovered in 1955. Underground mining started in 2004.

Open pit mine discovered in Underground mining started in

Russia. Mirny mine showing scale of hole.

Mirny Mine is an open pit diamond mine located in Mirny, Eastern Siberia, Russia. The mine is 525 meters deep in the world) and has .

Letseng mine, Losotho.  Gem Diamonds, which owns a 70% stake in the mine and markets all of its production, began selling all of its ~100,000ct annual production by tender auction after restarting operations in 2006.

Gem Diamonds, which owns a stake in the mine and markets all of its production, began selling all of its annual production by tender auction after restarting operations in

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