Five lead bullets are visible inside a Civil War–era cartridge package produced at the Confederate States Laboratory, an ordnance factory in Richmond, Virginia. A cartridge package consisted of a wooden block with holes drilled to hold five finished paper cartridges. Each cartridge consisted of a lead bullet and the proper amount of gunpowder wrapped in paper. The primer was separate from the cartridge and came in the form of small brass percussion caps.
Poisoned Bald Eagle Highlights Lead Bullet Controversy Scientist and wildlife conservationists, however, have long been calling for a lead bullet ban. In 2013, a group of scientists collectively released a statement warning that lead bullets could have yet-to-be-seen and unknown consequences in the future. Lead ammunition currently amounts to the second most used source of lead in the U.S. and frequently discharges the toxic substance into the environment.