Superior Vena Cava Syndrome occurs when the SVC is compressed or obstructed by tumor growth. Signs and symptoms result from blockage of blood flow in the venous system of the head, neck, and upper trunk. Early s/s which generally occur in the morning, include edema of the face, especially around the eyes, and tightness of shirt collars. As condition worsens, the client experiences edema of the arms and hands, dyspnea, erythema of the upper body, and epistaxis.
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome and Intensive Care Process Following Mitral Valve Surgery by Ibrahim Mungan*, Sema Turan, Mine Çavuş, Hayriye Cankar Dal, Sema Sarı and Ayşegül Özgök in Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research (BJSTR) http://biomedres.us/fulltexts/BJSTR.MS.ID.000661.php
Open surgical and endovascular treatment of superior vena cava syndrome caused by nonmalignant disease
Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is obstruction of blood flow through the superior vena cava (SVC). It is a medical emergency and most often manifests in patients with a malignant disease process within the thorax Obstruction of the SVC may be caused by neoplastic invasion of the venous wall associated with intravascular thrombosis or more simply by extrinsic pressure of a tumor mass against the relatively thin-walled SVC. Complete SVC obstruction is the result of intravascular…