Tolstoy’s concept of "universal" art affirms that art is relevant to everyone. Art is relevant to every aspect of the human condition. Therefore, art must aim to be "universal." Art is "universal" if it expresses thoughts and feelings which can be experienced by every human being.
"Empty shell casings and ammunition boxes representing a small sample of the ammunition used by the British Army in the bombardment of Fricourt, France, on the first day of the Battle of the Somme, 1 July Australian War Memorial.
Fort-de-France in Martinique The G8 was formed in November 1975 after the worst global economic crisis since World War II. The participating countries discussed the global economic situation and coordinated polices to reinvigorate their economies. The first of the G8 summit took place in France in 1975.