Sri Maha Bodi, the sacred bo tree at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, is the world's oldest historically authenticated tree. The original cutting was brought here over 2000 years ago from Bodhgaya, India, by the first Buddhist missionary.
Standing and recumbent Buddha images have been carved directly into the granite bedrock at the 12th century Gal Vihara in Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka. There has been controversy over the meaning of the standing figure's crossed arms.
The Galpota or Stone Book at Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka, describes the heroic deeds of King Nissanka Malla (1187-1196). On the end of the stone are two elephants sprinkling water over the Goddess of Prosperity.
The throne of King Kassapa, who ruled Sri Lanka from AD 477 to 495, is on the summit plateau at Sigiriya Lion Rock. King Kassapa used the rock as a secure refuge after overthrowing and killiing his father, King Dhatusena of Anuradhapura.