ASSESSMENT: Guided reading in small groups allows teachers to monitor students' oral reading of a text and fluency development. This assessment method allows educators to have time with each student, provide feedback, and adjust their materials to the student's need.

-- "Guided Reading" (Third/Fourth Grade). This CAFE activity helps students' use a variety of effective reading strategies while providing extensive practice reading aloud.

ASSESSMENT: Running records are an excellent way to assess student's fluency as they read a text. This is a useful assessment as it allows the educator to work one-on-one with a student, and provide them with feedback they can use to help the student progress, or to inform their practice and provide the student with an easier text if they are struggling.

Assessment: Running Record and goal-setting component.

UNDERSTANDING: This article helped me to understand how to help support students' fluency development at different levels. This is effective to learn as there are different strategies used to support students who are on-level, and those who are struggling, and the recommendations are based on reliable research.

The reader's theater strategy blends students' desire to perform with their need for oral reading practice. Reader's Theater offers an entertaining and engaging means of improving fluency and enhancing comprehension.

INSTRUCTION: Reader's theatre is an effective way for students to practice a simple text multiple times. This activity is effective as it allows students to practice developing fluency as they are having fun with "performing."

[ READING FLUENCY & EXPRESSION ] Reader's Theater: Promotes speed, accuracy, and proper expression by having students repeatedly read an engaging version of a classroom favorite

INSTRUCTION: This activity involves students presenting a poem they have practiced, which promotes fluency development by rereading a text. This activity is effective as the poem choice can be accommodated and differentiated, allows students to have choice in their poem selection, and allows them to present their work in "cafe environment."

INSTRUCTION: In the activity "Time to Shine" - students select, practice and perform a poem in a performance cafe in front of their class. This enhances reading fluency as it incorporates effective strategies such as modeling, practicing and performing.

INSTRUCTION: The "Just Right" books lesson teaches students to select books that are not too difficult for them, with no more than 5 words per page that they do not know. Students need texts that are within their level so they can develop fluency when reading their books. This is especially effective as it is an easy visual (the fingers and hand) that students can easily recall.

INSTRUCTION: The "Just Right" books lesson teaches students to select books that are not too difficult for them, with no more than 5 words per page that they do not know. Students need texts that are within their level so they can develop fluency when reading their books. This is especially effective as it is an easy visual (the fingers and hand) that students can easily recall.

INSTRUCTION: Teaching students different strategies as part of the Fluency component of "CAFE" helps them to break down and identify what fluency is, and what steps and strategies they can use to read more efficiently. This is an excellent activity as it is generally posted somewhere on the classroom so that students can refer back to the strategies and use them throughout the year.

INSTRUCTION: Teaching students different strategies as part of the Fluency component of "CAFE" helps them to break down and identify what fluency is, and what steps and strategies they can use to read more efficiently. This is an excellent activity as it is generally posted somewhere on the classroom so that students can refer back to the strategies and use them throughout the year.

UNDERSTANDING: This article summarizes research findings of the NRP on fluency development. This article is useful as many educators believe that silent reading and round robin are good techniques, but the article demonstrates that more feedback and oral reading is required to develop fluency, and this article can help debunk those myths.

UNDERSTANDING: This article summarizes research findings of the NRP on fluency development. This article is useful as many educators believe that silent reading and round robin are good techniques, but the article demonstrates that more feedback and oral reading is required to develop fluency, and this article can help debunk those myths.

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