Text Structures and Genres

Collection by Johnsonjkate


Allowing students to experience and explore both fiction and non-fiction texts prepares them to better understand different styles of reading (BLD). Students are likely to become better readers and writers when they are exposed to different structures of text and genres of print (BLD). Students are also likely to become more engaged with reading and writing the more the are exposed to its many different forms in their daily lives.

How do you create a that is both organized and enticing to young readers? Here a teacher illustrates how she set up a classroom library. She provides tips on acquiring books and materials, organizing the shelves, creating labels, and making it cozy. Library Labels, Library Organization, Library Ideas, Organization Ideas, Organizing Books, Book Bins, Book Baskets, Classroom Setup, Future Classroom

Labelling Books

INSTRUCTION: Reading Rockets talks about the many different ways that teachers can label books in their classroom libraries. They suggest walking kids through the library at the beginning of the year so they know how to find books and what kind of books are located where. Books can be sorted by genre, theme, style of writing, or fiction/non-fiction. I think in the older grades it could be useful to have the books sorted by text structure and genre to help kids learn about the differences.

UNDERSTANDING: Chapter 5 of Classroom that Work was a resource that allowed me to begin to develop my understanding of phonics. It presented me with the explanation of what phonics is and activities on how to develop phonemic awareness. Reading Comprehension Strategies, Reading Fluency, Reading Skills, Writing Strategies, Reading Aloud, Teaching Strategies, Reading Levels, Teaching Ideas, Reading Habits

ASSESSMENT: "Preview-Predict-Confirm" (CTW, p. 137). This activity can be used to see if students understand the many elements of a non-fiction text, and whether or not they know how to use them to gain information. Students are asked to look at pictures and visuals from a piece of text and then predict what they think they will read. Teachers cannot only assess the predications, but also make observations as the watch the students interact with a new piece of informational text (CTW).

Use picture books to teach young writers how to organize plot logically. This article includes examples of basic plot structures, along with picture books that use those structures. Stages Of Writing, Pre Writing, Writing Advice, Writing Ideas, Teaching Plot, What Do You Feel, Good Readers, Hero's Journey, Greatest Mysteries

Story Skeletons

INSTRUCTION: This activity from reading rockets talks about teaching plot structure using story books. I think this is a great ideas because it shows how even the youngest students can effectively learn about text structures. In the pre-writing stage, teachers can shows students the stories often follow similar patterns (Reading Rockets). Teachers can talk about parallel stories, stories within stories, increasing stories etc.

Lots of short clips about literacy (concepts of print, writing conventions, phonemic awareness etc. Anecdotal Notes, Concepts Of Print, Direct Instruction, Reading Comprehension Strategies, Balanced Literacy, Student Motivation, Reading Motivation, Spelling Words, Word Study

UNDERSTANDING: Teaching students different structures of text is so important in order for them to be able to communicate effectively and understand what they are reading depending on what form it comes in. BLD suggests that by teaching students about fiction and non-fiction texts they begin to understand the importance of different forms of text.

Cut out a brown tree trunk with the main idea of the reading selection. Also cut out three or four cloud shapes from green paper, label each cutout with a different supporting detail, and then glue the shapes to the tree. 2nd Grade Classroom, First Grade Teachers, Art Classroom, Classroom Ideas, Teaching Main Idea, Student Teaching, Teaching Ideas, Reading Comprehension Strategies, Teaching Strategies

INSTRUCTION: "Main Idea Trees" Classrooms that Work suggests teaching students using main idea trees when they are learning to read and analyze informational texts (CTW, p.131). Often informational texts have more than one main idea about a topic. The students can put the subject or topic on the bark of the tree, and main ideas on each leaf section. Details can also be included on the branches of the tree.

Poetry Fridays-using poems in the classroom. Read the transcript (or watch the video) I like how what is done with the poem grows throughout the year. Also incorporates opinion. Literacy Programs, Good Readers, Balanced Literacy, Teaching Reading, Teaching Ideas, Student Motivation, Literacy Activities, Learn To Read, Student Learning

Poetry Friday

INSTRUCTION: the goal of this activity is to help students understand the purposes poetry and the many forms that it can take (BLD). I love how this teacher has decided to expose her class to poetry on a daily basis. Even today, I don't know as much about poetry as I would like to because I was not exposed to as often as other genres. I also think that by having this activity every Friday, students become accustomed to reading, writing and studying poetry. This may help to eliminate some…

 Materials that children will need to write, including writing folders and materials to help generate ideas. Set out books to spark inspiration or to focus students on a specific genre: poetry, fairy tales, non-fiction, etc. Literacy Cafe, Emergent Literacy, Literacy Centers, 4th Grade Reading, Third Grade Math, Fourth Grade, Teaching Reading, Teaching Ideas, Guided Reading

Writing Centre

INSTRUCTION/ ASSESSMENT: Providing students with access to writing materials, topics and tips allows them the opportunity to make their own writing choices while having prompts to help them get started (BLD). This centre can be used to help teach students about different text structures, but can also be used as an assessment piece to see if students understand the difference between the many text styles and genres. Teachers can also assess a students collection of writings in a portfolio…

Instruction: This lesson takes what can be a pretty dry activity: procedural writing, and turns it into an exciting, active group activity! This teacher shows us the importance of teacher enthusiasm in a lesson! Procedural Writing, Text Structures, Good Readers, Student Engagement, Group Activities, Nonfiction, Texts, Foundation, Teacher

Re-Enacting Procedures: Building the Foundation for Procedural Writing

INSTRUCTION: The BLD diet suggests that by helping students walk through different steps while providing them in print, they will begin to develop a deeper understanding of what procedural writing looks like and why it is helpful. High levels of student engagement will only increase students understand of how to write and read procedural texts (BLD).