Reading Fluency & Expression

Collection by Katie Kovacs


Fluency is the ability to read and write words quickly and effectively, an important skill needed to limit the cognitive load needed for decoding (CTW, 2016). Students who read and write fluently can pay more attention to comprehension in reading and organization of though in writing (CTW, 2016). Teachers can support development of fluency in reading and writing by providing students with many opportunities to work with words, such as memorizing high frequency words or reading books repeatedly.

Reading fluently -checklist- "Children's ability to read fluently does than make them sound like good readers; it is evidence that they comprehend what they are reading" (Worthy & Prater, Reading Fluency Activities, Teaching Reading, Reading Comprehension, Guided Reading, Learning, Educational Activities, Teaching Ideas, Kindergarten Reading, Ela Anchor Charts

ASSESSMENT – Fluency Checklists: Assessment in fluency is often made through summative assessments (DIBELS, “assessment for learning”) or formative assessments (report cards, “assessment of learning”) (MOE, 2006). Self and peer assessments are also important as they help students identify areas of need and notice skill progression (“assessment as learning”) (MOE, 2006). Anchor charts makes assessment criteria explicit, support giving feedback, and can prompt students to work on specific…

--> "Concentrating on Sight Words" - such a neat idea to turn the well-loved memory game into a literacy game filled with irregularly spelled sight words! Learn To Spell, Learn To Read, How To Memorize Things, Reading Fluency, Reading Skills, Spelling Words, Sight Words, Sight Word Flashcards, Balanced Literacy

BALANCEDLITERACYDIET :: index :: Balanced Literacy Diet

INSTRUCTION - Concentrating on Sight Words to Promote Reading and Writing Fluency: High-frequency words are very important as they are the most common words present in language and text – students who read and write sight words effectively will have better fluency than students who do not (Reading Rockets, 2017). High frequency word walls are beneficial for students, but teachers should also concentrate on providing instruction for these words by working in small groups (CTW, 2016).

-- "Paired Reading" helps begining readers develop fluency through structured one-on-one reading sessions. Reading Aloud, Reading Help, Reading Fluency, Reading Strategies, Read Naturally, Reading Buddies, Balanced Literacy, High Frequency Words, Feelings And Emotions

BALANCEDLITERACYDIET :: index :: Balanced Literacy Diet

INSTRUCTION - Paired Reading to Build Reading Fluency: Paired reading is a great way to have students collaborate while working on fluency skills. Students work on the same story, but take turns reading a passage to one another – as one peer reads, another provides encouragement as well as feedback and scaffolding (e.g., “Try reading slower so you won’t skip any words!”) (CTW, 2016). Teachers can pair strategically, pairing struggling students with fluent readers or by similar abilities.

[ CLASSROOM TIPS ] Leveling Books: A teacher shares his method of organizing books for effective guided and independent reading Organizing Books, Book Organization, Classroom Organization, Reading Comprehension Strategies, Reading Fluency, Guided Reading, Cool Things To Make, How To Memorize Things, Leveled Books

BALANCEDLITERACYDIET :: index :: Balanced Literacy Diet

INSTRUCTION – Developing Fluency with Levelled Reading Bins: By organizing books into reading levels, students can make better decisions regarding the difficulty of books they choose for independent and guided reading (Reading Rockets). Students work on fluency when they read books they know well (e.g., from repeated reading), but also when they read books that are within their independent reading level – which is slightly below their instructional reading level (CTW, 2016).

anchor charts for reading - Bing Images. Amazing range of various anchor charts all in one place. Kindergarten Anchor Charts, Writing Anchor Charts, Kindergarten Writing, Teaching Writing, Teaching Punctuation, Teaching Ideas, Teaching Outfits, Teaching Spanish, Reading Fluency

INSTRUCTION - Punctuation and Expression Anchor Charts: Modelling expressive reading supports the development of expressive readers in your classroom (CTW, 2016). During read-alouds, teachers should bring attention to the punctuation of the text they are reading and show how punctuation influences expression (CTW, 2016). Teachers can have students observe the changes that occur in expression when reading punctuation points and can create an anchor chart to be displayed in the classroom.

Classrooms That Work: They Can All Read and Write, Edition Reading Words, Reading Fluency, Rating System, High Frequency Words, In Writing, Rockets, Higher Education, Comprehension, Assessment

Classrooms That Work: They Can All Read and Write, 6th Edition

ASSESSMENT – Assessing Oral Fluency with Classrooms That Work: In Classrooms That Work (2016), Cunningham and Allington provide an Oral Reading Fluency Scale and an anecdotal account of an assessment using the scale (pg. 218). This is an excellent resource as it is a concise and easy-to-use rating system for assessment of oral reading fluency that aligns well with what Reading Rockets describe as being key points for reading fluency: accuracy, appropriate rate, and good expression (2017).

UNDERSTANDING: Chapter 5 of Classroom that Work was a resource that allowed me to begin to develop my understanding of phonics. It presented me with the explanation of what phonics is and activities on how to develop phonemic awareness. Reading Comprehension Strategies, Reading Fluency, Reading Skills, Writing Strategies, Reading Aloud, Teaching Strategies, Reading Levels, Teaching Ideas, Reading Habits

Classrooms That Work: They Can All Read and Write, 6th Edition

UNDERSTANDING – Classrooms That Work: Chapter 4 on Fluency. Classrooms That Work provides an entire chapter devoted to instructional practices and learning strategies to support the development of reading and writing fluency (Cunningham & Allington, 2016). Some strategies include providing easy reading for every student, modelling fluent reading, encouraging students to engage in repeated-reading experiences, and providing focused instruction for high-frequency words (CLW, 2016).

Fluency: Instructional Guidelines and Student Activities Partner Reading, Student Reading, Texas Education Agency, High Frequency Words, Reading Fluency, Rockets, Read Aloud, Comprehension, Theatre

Fluency: Instructional Guidelines and Student Activities

UNDERSTANDING – Instructional Guidelines and Student Activities for Fluency: This article by Reading Rockets provides an excellent overview of instructional guidelines teachers should follow when working on reading fluency with their students. Some strategies the described in the article include: modelling fluent reading, repeated reading, choral reading, partnered reading, and performing in a Reader’s Theatre. These same strategies are also described in Classrooms That Work (2016, pg…