Spelling & Word Study

Collection by Katie Kovacs

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Decoding strategies students use for reading is closely tied to the strategies students use when spelling; we write out/visualize the order of letters (sometimes adjusting after writing it out), we reflect upon word familiar word patterns that may be in the word, or we may chunk the word – spelling parts of the word at a time (CTW, 2016). Like readers, writers who can spell many high-frequency words will write more fluently (CTW, 2016), so, by studying words we can improve our spelling.

What Rhymes with this Picture?: Exploring Rhymes Orally and in Writing Learning Phonics, Rhyming Activities, Learning Letters, Spelling Words, Spelling Patterns, Phonetic Sounds, What Rhymes

BALANCEDLITERACYDIET :: index :: Balanced Literacy Diet

INSTRUCTION – What Rhymes with This Picture?: Games are a great way to explore rhymes, onsets and rimes. Rhymes are similar sounding words, onsets are the initial letter in a word and rimes are the following string of letters (Reading Rockets, 2017). Explicit teaching about rhyme patterns and corresponding onsets and rimes allow children to recognize “word families” (e.g., bed, red, ted), a strategy for future spelling (Reading Rockets, 2017). Pictures help connect oral words with written…

ASSESSMENT - Primary Spelling Inventory (PSI): PSI’s are an excellent way to assess spelling skills in students. PSI’s are slightly different than the traditional “weekly spelling test” as the marking inventory is much more complex - students receive scores for spelling parts of words, which helps identify specific areas students may be having difficulties in such as ‘wh’ digraphs or inflected endings (Reading Rockets, 2017). This allows for a targeted response for additional instruction. Decoding Strategies, Instructional Strategies, Spelling Test, Spelling Words, Word Patterns, High Frequency Words, Read Later, Word Study, Assessment

ASSESSMENT - Primary Spelling Inventory (PSI): PSI’s are an excellent way to assess spelling skills in students. PSI’s are slightly different than the traditional “weekly spelling test” as the marking inventory is much more complex - students receive scores for spelling parts of words, which helps identify specific areas students may be having difficulties in such as ‘wh’ digraphs or inflected endings (Reading Rockets, 2017). This allows for a targeted response for additional instruction.

Multisensory Teaching Techniques for Sight Words - Orton-Gillingham Weekly Sight Word Games, Sight Words, Popcorn Words, Decoding Strategies, Phonics Rules, Red Words, Word Patterns, Teaching Techniques, Gillingham

Sight Words: Teach Your Child to Read

INSTRUCTION - Sight Word Snakes and Ladders: Since high-frequency words (“sight words”) often have irregular spelling and pronunciation, children benefit greatly from learning to automatically recognize and spell these words (CTW, 2016). Playing this game allows students to spend a lot of time working with these words while engaging in a fun experience with peers. The traditional rules of Snakes and Ladders apply but students must also read the sight words of the squares they land on.

Grammar and sentence construction become high-interest with color-coded, interlocking Reading Rods(R)! Color-coding helps students differentiate the eight most common parts of speech. Students also practice connecting rods to build sentences, identifying R Words, Spelling Words, Decoding Strategies, Sentence Construction, Sentence Building, Word Patterns, High Frequency Words, Prefixes, Word Study

Reading Rods® Sentence Building Classroom Kit

INSTRUCTION – Using Reading Rods to Build Words and Sentences: using spelling manipulatives is an excellent way to enhance instruction (Reading Rockets, 2017). With Reading Rods, students enjoy an engaging hands-on task where they can explore building and breaking apart words and sentences. These manipulatives can also enhance segmentation of words - with Reading Rods suffixes, prefixes, root words, etc. are all colour coordinated, which helps students notice and remember these parts of…

INSTRUCTION - Let's Find Prefixes and Suffixes: Many words consist of a prefix, a root word, and a suffix. Here, students explore “stand alone” root words – words that still make sense without their affixes (Reading Rockets, 2017). Exploring affixes in this way also allows for study of the definition of certain affixes, such as the prefix “re” meaning “again” and the suffix “est” meaning “the most” (Reading Rockets, 2017). Students can also predict definitions based on root words and… Decoding Strategies, Prefixes And Suffixes, Word Patterns, Root Words, Balanced Literacy, High Frequency Words, Spelling Words, Word Study

BALANCEDLITERACYDIET :: index :: Balanced Literacy Diet

INSTRUCTION - Let's Find Prefixes and Suffixes: Many words consist of a prefix, a root word, and a suffix. Here, students explore “stand alone” root words – words that still make sense without their affixes (Reading Rockets, 2017). Exploring affixes in this way also allows for study of the definition of certain affixes, such as the prefix “re” meaning “again” and the suffix “est” meaning “the most” (Reading Rockets, 2017). Students can also predict definitions based on root words and…

UNDERSTANDING - Reading Rockets Spelling Learning Module: Reading Rockets provides an interactive learning module for spelling instruction. The module describes 4 approaches for spelling instruction: developing knowledge of alphabetic principles, functions of pattern formations in spelling, word origins and subsequent spelling variations, and morphological meaning (Reading Rockets, 2017). This module is evidence-based and provides the rational for the “why?” in spelling instruction. Decoding Strategies, Word Patterns, High Frequency Words, Interactive Learning, Spelling Words, Word Study, English Words, Rockets, Origins

Spelling: Introduction

UNDERSTANDING - Reading Rockets Spelling Learning Module: Reading Rockets provides an interactive learning module for spelling instruction. The module describes 4 approaches for spelling instruction: developing knowledge of alphabetic principles, functions of pattern formations in spelling, word origins and subsequent spelling variations, and morphological meaning (Reading Rockets, 2017). This module is evidence-based and provides the rational for the “why?” in spelling instruction.

INSTRUCTION – Exploring New Words with the Mystery Word Game: This is a highly engaging spelling activity where students become an “expert” in a word of their choice, they research their Mystery word and challenge their peers to guess the spelling of their word (BLD, 2017). Students draw a picture, identify parts of speech (e.g., noun), identify synonyms, and provide a definition. Preparing the Mystery word card reinforces strategies the students can use when they come across unfamiliar… Decoding Strategies, Word Patterns, Balanced Literacy, Student Drawing, Spelling Activities, High Frequency Words, Parts Of Speech, Spelling Words, Word Study

BALANCEDLITERACYDIET :: index :: Balanced Literacy Diet

INSTRUCTION – Exploring New Words with the Mystery Word Game: This is a highly engaging spelling activity where students become an “expert” in a word of their choice, they research their Mystery word and challenge their peers to guess the spelling of their word (BLD, 2017). Students draw a picture, identify parts of speech (e.g., noun), identify synonyms, and provide a definition. Preparing the Mystery word card reinforces strategies the students can use when they come across unfamiliar…

Interactive Word Wall // Spelling & Word Study // Developmentally appropriate hi. Word Patterns, Spelling Patterns, Reading Comprehension Strategies, Reading Fluency, Phonics Words, Spelling Words, Classroom Playlist, Interactive Word Wall, Word Study Activities

BALANCEDLITERACYDIET :: index :: Balanced Literacy Diet

INSTRUCTION - Interactive Word Wall: High-frequency words make up more than half of all the words we read and write, so it is important for students to automatize reading and writing these words (CTW, 2016). A Word Wall supports students in spelling these difficult words without direct aid from the teacher. Word Walls become interactive when the words can be removed (allowing students to bring the word to their desk) and replaced, or provide visuals/gestures to help students make…