The bipolar disorder is characterized by episodes of manic and depressive attacks. These contrasting symptoms may happen anytime without warning. The above mnemonic features the signs and symptoms for each attack.
“ Notes from my Nutrition Care lecture from my Critical Care class: TPN is used in patients with prolonged inadequate nutrition intake. There will be a port specifically for TPN. First you give electrolytes then the TPN, advance slowly.
Preload is the stretch. The amount of volume being returned to the right side of the heart from systemic circulation. Afterload is the squeeze. The amount of resistance the left side of the heart has to overcome in order to eject blood.