April 11, 1862: Born, Joseph Merrick. Better known as "The Elephant Man", Merrick was born with severe deformities and spent most of his life on exhibition as a curiosity. His sad life came to an end in 1890, when he died, officially of asphyxia. An autopsy revealed that his neck was broken. It is believed that Merrick, who normally slept sitting up because of the great weight of his head, had attempted to sleep lying down, to "be like other people."
Louis Braille was just 3 years old in 1812 when he was injured and lost his vision. Later on, as a teen studying at The National Institute for Blind Youth in Paris, he designed a system using raised dots in specific patterns to aid in reading. The first Braille book was released in 1829, and in 1837 Louis added symbols for math and music. Braille has since been adapted for nearly every single language, from Albanian to Zulu. Charcoal drawing of Louis Braille.
Jean-Martin Charcot (1825 – 1893) was a French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology. He is known as "the founder of modern neurology", and his name has been associated with at least 15 medical eponyms, including Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and Charcot disease (better known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, motor neurone disease, or Lou Gehrig disease).Charcot has been referred to as "the father of French neurology and one of the world's pioneers of neurology".
The Daily Beast
THE EVOLUTION OF BIRTH CONTROL - The Scottish-born Dr. Marie Stopes (1880-1958) was a leading advocate of birth control in the early 20th century. In 1918 Stopes wrote a guide to contraception called Wise Parenthood. In the face of opposition from the church she founded the Society for Constructive Birth Control and opened the 1st of her birth-control clinics in Holloway in N.London in 1921. The image shows Stopes working in the laboratory, where she helped to modify the contraceptive cap.
Parasitic Twins A parasitic twin (often confused with or referred to as a conjoined twin) is the result of processes that produce conjoined twins and vanishing twins, and a continuum may be presented between the two. Parasitic twins occur when a twin embryo begins developing in utero however when separating the cells only partially undergo cleavage. Unlike with conjoined twins, one embryo will maintain dominant development at the expense of the other... (Read more at official site)