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allmesopotamia: “ The archaeological site of Uruk (Warka), east of Samawa, Iraq. The city’s walls were built years ago by the Sumerian King Gilgamesh, hero of the eponymous epic.

The excavation crew in Pit X at Ur, Iraq, 1933

The Royal Cemetery of Ur, Iraq: This photograph shows the progress of the excavations in the deep hole, Pit X, undertaken from by Leonard Woolley. The large-scale excavation removed cubic meters of soil and involved over 150 workers.

A ziggurat dedicated to the wind god Enlil rises above the ancient Sumerian city of Nippur, 36 km east of Diwaniyah, Iraq. The palace on top of the ziggurat is a more recent Parthian addition.

A ziggurat dedicated to the wind god Enlil rises above the ancient Sumerian city of Nippur, 36 km east of Diwaniyah, Iraq. The palace on top of the ziggurat is a more recent Parthian addition.

Tell Barri, a large archaeological site along the Wadi Jaghjagh (northeast Syria) with remains from the fourth millennium BC onward.

Tell Barri, a large archaeological site along the Wadi Jaghjagh (northeast Syria) with remains from the fourth millennium BC onward.

Nippur was one of the most ancient of all the Sumerian cities. It was the special seat of the worship of the Sumerian god Enlil, the "Lord Wind," ruler of the cosmos subject to An alone. Nippur was located in modern Nuffar in Afak, Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq.

Nippur was one of the most ancient of all the Sumerian cities. It was the special seat of the worship of the Sumerian god Enlil, the "Lord Wind". Nippur was located in modern Nuffar in Afak, Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq.

Uruk was one of the most important cities (at one time, the most important)in ancient Mesopotamia.According to the Sumerian King List, it was founded by King Enmerkar sometime around 4500 BCE.Located in the southern region of Sumer (modern day Iraq).The city of Uruk is most famous for its great king Gilgamesh and the epic tale of his quest for immortality. (to be continued).

Uruk was one of the most important cities (at one time, the most important)in ancient Mesopotamia.According to the Sumerian King List, it was founded by King Enmerkar sometime around 4500 BCE.Located in the southern region of Sumer (modern day Iraq).The city of Uruk is most famous for its great king Gilgamesh and the epic tale of his quest for immortality. (to be continued).

Nippur Ziggurat, found by Dr. Hilprecht, is one of the most ancient of the Sumerian cities. Research into ancient & sacred landmarks have identified that the vast majority of ancient doors were hung by 2 pivots, very similar to how doors are hung today. Pivots were positioned at the top & bottom of the hanging stile which worked in sockets in the lintel & sill, the latter always in some hard stone such as basalt or granite

Nippur Ziggurat, found by Dr. Hilprecht, is one of the most ancient of the Sumerian cities.

The Sumerian King List still puzzles historians

The Sumerian King list - still puzzles historians after more than a century of research - it's an ancient manuscript originally recorded in the Sumerian language, listing kings of Sumer (ancient southern Iraq) from Sumerian and neighbouring dynasties, the

The Royal Tombs of Ur, which date back more than 4,500 years. Also  visible in the background is the world’s largest, oldest, and  best-preserved ziggurat. Photo: nathanm (Flickr)

The Royal Tombs of Ur, which date back more than years. Also visible in the background is the world’s largest, oldest, and best-preserved ziggurat.

Sumerian Copper Bowl, Late Uruk-Jemdet Nasr Period, C. 3300-2900 BCDecorated with leopards, ibexes, lions and bulls

Sumerian Copper Bowl, Late Uruk-Jemdet Nasr Period, C. Decorated with leopards, ibexes, lions and bulls

Ludmila Zeman - Gilgamesh llora a Enkidu muerto.

The Epic of Gilgamesh, one of the oldest historical works of literature, is an epic about a king and his beast-man companion, Enkidu. Although various sections

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