The understanding that language is composed of small units of sounds called phonemes. It is the ability to manipulate and separate sounds into spoken words. It is the relationship in using sounds to create new words (CTW, BLD, PRF).
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UNDERSTANDING - Chapter 1 of this text, gives great insights and understanding of phonemic awareness. It is important for students to develop these skills in the early years as it is the foundation for reading and writing. Children who cannot hear and work with the phonemes of spoken words will have a difficult time learning how to relate these phonemes to the graphemes when they see them in written words (PRF, p.1).
INSTRUCTION - This activity is fun and support students in building phonemic awareness skills by identifying phonemes and syllables in a word (PRF, p.2). This activity, used the names of the students to allow familairity and practicing phonemic awaress skills.
ASSESSMENT - This reading rockets website provides educators resource tips on assessing phonemic awareness for young students. It provides clear tips when doing an assessment of students in their phonemic awareness.
INSTRUCTION - Students have lots of fun fishing for syllables. This activity supports student learning by having the students take turns fishing for words and clapping the syllables in a word. This interactive game promotes and engages students' phonemic awareness.
UNDERSTANDING - In Chapter 3, Classroom That Work is a great text that provides a clear explanation of phonemic awareness as the foundation for reading and writing. The focus of phonemic awareness is the ability to take words apart, put them back together again and change them (PRF, p.38).
UNDERSTANDING - This resource is a great way to summarize the understanding of phonemic awareness. It breaks down the explanation of phonemic awareness and providing examples of activities to support students in their learning. It is the ability to notice, think about and work with individual sounds in spoken words (RR).
INSTRUCTION - This is a fun rhyming activity. The Hungry Hungry Rhyming Monster builds awareness of sound structure in spoken language by reinforcing students to practice rhymes and generating rhyming words. This will support students in their befinning stages of phonologucal awareness.
ASSESSMENT - This resource, Literacy Resouces, INC provides a list of websites that have multiple phonemic awareness assessments for students from preschool to grade 1. Educators can use these assessment tools to determine the level of their students and track their progression.