Literacy: Phonemic Awareness

Phonemic Awareness is the ability to hear, recognize, and manipulate the smallest sounds in spoken language (phonemes). It is a critical precursor to unlocking the alphabetic code, and thus to reading and writing, as it requires the ability to hear individual sounds of spoken language, that eventually can be mapped to their counterparts in printed text.
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INSTRUCTION: This is a great activity to get students to pay attention to the individual sounds in CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words. It emphasizes the focus on oral language by not using letters to represent sounds, asking students to pay attention only to what they hear.  As well, this activity is engaging for students, making it an effective and fun way to build phonemic awareness skills!

INSTRUCTION: Pound and Sound' will become a classroom favorite - help students hear individual sounds and then blend them together!

INSTRUCTION: This activity promotes phonological awareness by having students clap the number of syllables in a word, as well as phonemic awareness by having students segment and identify the beginning or ending sounds in a word. This activity is motivating as it is interactive for students, and is effective at engaging them in focusing on the sounds they hear in the name of their object.

--> "Take One Thing From the Box" is such a versatile literacy activity to help student develop phonological awareness skills.

INSTRUCTION: This activity has students match the initial sound of an object to letter-sound cards. For example, students match the sound /p/ in pumpkin to the letter-sound /p/. This activity is effective as it uses concrete objects that students can use to sort based on initial sounds. As well, it utilizes the letters of the alphabet to promote the understanding of the correspondence between written letters and spoken letter-sounds (an aspect of phonics instruction).

INSTRUCTION: This activity has students match the initial sound of an object to letter-sound cards. For example, students match the sound /p/ in pumpkin to the letter-sound /p/. This activity is effective as it uses concrete objects that students can use to sort based on initial sounds. As well, it utilizes the letters of the alphabet to promote the understanding of the correspondence between written letters and spoken letter-sounds (an aspect of phonics instruction).

ASSESSMENT: The Test of Phonemic Awareness (p. 98) is a useful way of assessing students phonemic awareness abilities. Tasks are quick and easy to administer, and test across a broad range of abilities. For example, students are provided with phonemes and asked to blend, provided with a common rime and asked to make a word by adding an initial sound, and asked to substitute phonemes and say a new word (p. 98).

Assessment for Reading Instruction, Second Edition (Solving Problems in the Teaching of Literacy)/Michael C. McKenna, Katherine A.

INSTRUCTION: This activity uses letter-sounds and pictures of objects to focus student's attention on the sounds heard in words. Students are given letter-sounds and are asked match the it to the sound they hear in the beginning, middle, or end of the word. I think this is an effective phonemic awareness activity as students need to stretch out the words in order to hear all of the individual sounds and decide if they match their target letter-sound.

INSTRUCTION: This activity uses letter-sounds and pictures of objects to focus student's attention on the sounds heard in words. Students are given letter-sounds and are asked match the it to the sound they hear in the beginning, middle, or end of the word. I think this is an effective phonemic awareness activity as students need to stretch out the words in order to hear all of the individual sounds and decide if they match their target letter-sound.

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