World War II
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Bayonet Practice The Japanese Imperial Army gained an infamous reputation of absolute brutality at the end of World War II when the scope of their war crimes was uncovered. With a group of captured Chinese soldiers being used for bayonet practice, soldiers were trained not to kill the POW with the first thrust so other soldiers could practice on the screaming victims on the ground.
Yamashita's gold, also referred to as the Yamashita treasure, is the name given to the alleged war loot stolen in Southeast Asia by Japanese forces during World War II and hidden in caves, tunnels and underground complexes in the Philippines. It is named for the Japanese general Tomoyuki Yamashita, nicknamed "The Tiger of Malaya".
Mrs. Mary Couchman, a 24-year-old warden of a small Kentish Village, shields three little children, among them her son, as bombs fall during an air attack on October 18, 1940. The three children were playing in the street when the siren suddenly sounded. Bombs began to fall as she ran to them and gathered the three in her arms, protecting them with her body. Complimented on her bravery, she said, "Oh, it was nothing. Someone had look after the children."
German soldiers standing by corpses after a mass execution in Lidice, Czechoslovakia, in June of 1942. In all, some 340 people from Lidice died because of the German reprisal -- 192 men, 60 women and 88 children. The village was set on fire, the rubble was bulldozed, and Lidice was erased from the land. Years later, a smaller new village of Lidice was built near the site of the old one.
These prisoners were photographed along the Bataan Death March in April of 1942. They have their hands tied behind their backs. The estimates of the number of deaths that occurred along the march vary quite a bit, but some 5,000 to 10,000 Filipino and 600 to 650 American prisoners of war died before they could reach Camp O'Donnell. Thousands more would die in poor conditions at the camp in the following weeks.
Kirk Douglas (né Issur Danielovitch) (dob: 1916) LT jg US Navy, 1942-44 WWII. He enlisted in the Navy and attended Midshipman School at Notre Dame University. Later he was commissioned as an ensign. He served with an anti-submarine patrol in the Pacific until medically discharged following injuries in 1944. Some of his most memorable characters were in the title role of “Spartacus” (1960), as van Gogh in “Lust for Life” (1956), and as Doc Holliday in “Gunfight at the O.K. Corral” (1957).
John Huston was as a captain with the Army Signal Corps. He directed and produced three films: Report from the Aleutians (1943), The Battle of San Pietro (1944), and Let There Be Light (1945). He rose to the rank of major and received the Legion of Merit award for "courageous work under battle conditions."