ASSESSMENT: During Writing Conferences, teachers work with students individually or in small groups (RR, n.d.). The benefit is that students can ask for clarification and gain immediate feedback from their teacher (RR, n.d.). Conferring with students allows teachers to focus on each student as well as continuously assess where each students is in their writing growth and to help them improve with their next steps.
INSTRUCTION: RAFT is a acronym and writing strategy that students can use to plan and organize their writing (RR, n.d.). RAFT stands for: role of the writer, audience, format, and topic and strong verb (RR, n.d.). Students must consider these different perspectives and think creatively about how these different aspects will affect their writing, such as how their writing change if their audience was adults versus children.
INSTRUCTION: The "paragraph hamburger" is helpful as a visual organizer to help students structure their paragraphs (RR, 2017). The hamburger is divided into its different parts as an analogy to the different key components of a paragraph. This visual strategy helps students organize their ideas and understand that the different components of a paragraph are related and work together to create a whole (RR, 2017).
INSTRUCTION: CTW (2017) states teachers should model and teach explicit writing strategies for effective literacy instruction. The acronyms COPS and ARMS provide students with easier ways to remember the different components of editing and revising. Co-creating these charts through modelling and applying these strategies with students helps them learn how to edit and revise. Displaying the charts on the walls lets students use the acronyms as references for what to do while writing (BLD, 2016).
INSTRUCTION: The writing centre where students can use with a variety of writing tools and materials is a great way to motivate students to write and practise their writing processes and strategies. Some examples of "special" writing tools and material students may be excited to write with/on include: glitter pens, paper towel, sharpies, and watercolour paper.
ASSESSMENT: Literacy instruction is effective when students can self-assess and view past work with current work to see their progress (CTW, 2016). This pin demonstrates an effective way for students to self-assess as the students write a new piece each month which is attached to their latest work. Students end with a writing yearbook, and they can flip through the pages to see their writing growth throughout the year, including what they learned, improved on, and could still work on.