UNDERSTANDING: The article by RR (2008) explains why it is important for educators to teach students cross-curricular vocabulary and how it helps students' understanding of complex texts as they grow older. Words that students learn early on provide a basis as they learn different root patterns that can help them figure out more complex vocabulary. For example, students may learn that words that share the root "therm" tend to pertain to heat.
UNDERSTANDING: Chapter 9 (Vocabulary Instruction) helped me understand the importance of and distinctions between the different types of vocabulary. The general types of vocabulary are: oral and reading. Specific vocabulary types include: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Vocabulary is vital for reading comprehension as students cannot understand texts without knowing what the words mean. Students first learn vocabulary aurally and eventually learn more advanced words through reading.
UNDERSTANDING: This article gives a general overview of vocabulary instruction literature and suggests four practical principles to enhance vocabulary instruction. These are: efficient rich targeted meaning vocabulary activities, ongoing review and processing of these words, immediate clarification of word usage, and fostering of equitable participation and accountability (RR, 2014).
INSTRUCTION: This is a fun and engaging way to get students motivated to learn new vocabulary, which is beneficial for reading comprehension (BLD, 2016). Students must find and learn unfamiliar words in their texts and illustrate them. A partner then tries to guess the word while the student gives clues (e.g., context, part of speech). Students can learn a variety of new words through teaching each other and figuring out their peers' words, that they can now understand in their personal reading.
ASSESSMENT: CTW (2016) states that knowing subject-specific meaning vocabulary (e.g., science and social studies) is important as it helps students comprehend more complex texts as they get older. This activity is useful as a science vocabulary assessment. Students create an advertisement with instructions on how to use a device. The teacher can assess meaning vocabulary by seeing if students are able to accurately utilize the science vocabulary learned within their procedural writing.
INSTRUCTION: CTW (2016) states it is important for teachers to build students' cross-curricular vocabulary. This word wall is beneficial as it lists the different curricular words along with its definition or sentence usage, which helps students to understand its meaning. The words are also listed in different colours to help students understand which subject area the words belong to. The word wall is helpful as a reference for students to use in their writing and spelling.
INSTRUCTION: This is an engaging scavenger-hunt activity to expand students' vocabulary and get them thinking critically about words. Students learn new words by searching for the antonyms of already-known vocabulary words within a variety of media (e.g., newspapers, magazines). They also must think about the meanings of those words, how they can be represented visually, and find images that match their representations.