Antiretroviral therapy can be the difference between life and death, but it comes at a cost. It is a lifetime treatment, and must be taken exactly on time to be effective. This means that people need to be counselled on how to take their medication appropriately. It also means that we must keep working to provide medications to those who need it - lives depend upon it.
AIDS has robbed children of their childhoods, forcing them to act as caregivers for their parents. Children whose parents die of AIDS often experience trauma, poverty and exploitation. When we care for parents, we provide what children need most - families to care for them.
AIDS has devastated a generation of parents, leaving many families with gaping holes and enormous grief. Grandparents have had to step in, caring for their own grandchildren and other orphaned children in their community - a labour of love, but one that comes with an enormous financial burden.
Prevention is the most effective treatment for the HIV and AIDS pandemic as a whole. By preventing people from being infected in the first place, we can save lives before they were even in danger. This anti-AIDS club uses peer influence to spread awareness of the disease and how to protect oneself from it.
Part of the stigma around HIV comes from the implied moral mistakes that people must have made to get the disease. And yet, many people who are living with HIV are monogamous, married women. Others are children. Many people don't know how they contracted the virus. We believe it doesn't matter. What matters is that we respond with respect, compassion and inclusion.
For those living on the edge of extreme poverty, HIV and AIDS can push them over the brink. Sickness that results in lost pay or a lost job can leave children facing an uncertain future. That's why treatment and income generating opportunities together are so important for helping families recover from the impact of HIV and AIDS.
Access to medication has meant that people are no longer facing an imminent death sentence when they find out their status. Once they are on medication, and their health improves, the next step is providing income generating opportunities helps people to contribute to their own families' well-being.
HIV causes sickness and death, but for many, what is just as bad is the stigma that comes with the disease. For those whose status becomes public there are real risks - losing a job or rejection from your family and community. Ensuring that communities understand the disease reduces discrimination.
No mom ever wants her child to inherit HIV. According to the World Health Organization, when we provide the right ante- and postnatal care for parents, we can reduce the risk of transmission from up to 45% to less than 5%, giving babies every chance for a healthy life.
For women who live in poverty in Ethiopia, it can be difficult to find a safe place to bathe. This community shower, owned and operated by a group of HIV-positive women, provides a much-needed community service and source of income for people who have experienced discrimination because of their status.
For people living with HIV, medication alone will not be effective without good nutrition. This ingenious kitchen garden illustrates the creativity of the communities we work with and provides much needed nutrients.
For many people with HIV, they are both invisible, and afraid of being too visible. If their status is secret, there can be constant fear of being found out. When it is public, the looks, whispering and discrimination can be heartbreaking. We need to build understanding about the virus so that communities can be confidently inclusive of their members who are HIV+.