Glooskap Turning a Man Into a Cedar Tree, ca. 1884
Glooskap, the creator and teacher of the Wabanaki people, is shown turning a man into a cedar tree in an etched birchbark illustration for the book Algonquin Legends of New England or Myths and Folk Lore of the Micmac, Passamaquoddy, and Penobscot Tribes by Charles G. Leland (1884). Tomah Joseph (1937-1914), a Passamaqoddy Indian, advised Leland on the legends in the book. Joseph's illustrations also inspired those Leland used in the book.
The great Earth Mother had two sons, Glooskap and Malsum. Glooskap was good, wise, and creative; Malsum was evil, selfish, and destructive. When their mother died, Glooskap went to work creating plants, animals, and humans from her body. Malsum, in contrast, made poisonous plants and snakes. As Glooskap continued to create wonderful things, Malsum grew tired of his good brother and plotted to kill him.
When the world comes to visit Nova Scotia, travelers on Highway 102 are greeted by a regal, 40-foot giant with unmistakable eagle feathers — an impressive landmark bidding their arrival into Glooscap country.
The Creator sent a bolt of lightening across the sky that created Wskitqamu - the Earth. From that same bolt, Glooscap was created out of the dry earth. Glooscap lay on Wskitqamu, pointing his head, feet and hands to the Four Directions. Glooscap became a powerful teacher, a supernaturally strong spiritual leader (kinap) and a healer (puoin) who used his powers for the wellbeing of all.
Algonquin Deity Glooskap (The Liar) Working His Magic Giclee Print by James Jack at Art.com
Algonquin Deity Glooskap (The Liar) Working His Magic Giclee Print by James Jack. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed artworks and posters at Art.com. 100% satisfaction guaranteed.
Glooscap is the Trickster/Culture Hero in the Abnaki tradition. He stands somewhere between Capt. John Smith and the Cthonic Orogeny in an American Pantheon. Like all mythic figures, he personifies inner aspects of all of us.
The Baldwin Project: Canadian Wonder Tales by Cyrus MacMillan
WHEN Glooskap first reigned upon the earth, what is now the Moon shone by day and what is now the Sun shone by night. Their work was exactly opposite to what it is to-day, for the present Moon was then the Sun and the present Sun was then the Moon. The Moon was then very red and bright; the Sun was pale and silvery. At that time the Sun—the present Moon—kept very irregular hours, and was very careless about his work.